This report highlights the socioeconomic contributions of the geothermal sector, including the potential opportunities and benefits that can be enhanced at national and local levels throughout geothermal projects’ development and operation.

This global assessment provides an overview of developments in the geothermal sector and the factors that will shape the geothermal market in the near future. Geothermal energy – a clean and reliable source of heat and electricity – will play a critical role in the clean energy transition alongside other renewable energy sources.

Achieving global goals for access to energy and mitigation of climate change will require a quadrupling of present levels of solar photovoltaic (PV), a multiplication by nine of the wind power generation and a doubling of the geothermal power generation in the developing world by 2025. It represents around 50, 270 and 8 gigawatts.

This document offers guidelines for the preparation of feasibility studies for geothermal power projects in accordance with best industry practices.

The lack of global standards, guidelines and codes for geothermal energy project increases the uncertainty with the compatibility and risks associated with geothermal energy development.

East and Southern African countries possess vast potential for renewable energy development. Co-ordinated regional plans will play a vital role in scaling up the use of renewables for power generation, strengthening regional power supplies, meeting national climate commitments and ensuring energy security.

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive statistics on a range of topics related to renewable energy. This publication presents renewable power generation capacity statistics for the past decade (2011-2020) in trilingual tables.

The National Energy Strategy 2020–2030 presents the evolution of the energy sector under its vision for stimulating demand, achieving efficiency and improving electricity system flexibility.

Heating and cooling accounts for almost half of global energy consumption. With most of this relying fossil fuels, however, it contributes heavily to greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.

The countries of the East African Rift region hold significant geothermal potential, giving them valuable options for sustainable electricity production and direct use. Harnessing these resources can provide a renewable, affordable and stable energy supply.