Global approaches to vehicle electrification and their lessons for India

Emissions from fossil fuel-powered motor vehicles adversely affect air quality and contribute to global warming. The manufacture and use of electric vehicles (EVs) is among the ways by which this challenge can be mitigated. This brief evaluates the best practices adopted by countries in the forefront of EV adoption, and outlines the lessons India can draw from them to inform its own EVs strategy. It finds that in addition to strengthening institutional capabilities, India should embark on the production of new EV models, develop battery supply chains, build charging infrastructure, provide purchase incentives for low-income communities and non-financial incentives for EV owners, and make the necessary spatial planning interventions.