Interacting storm surges and high water runoff can cause compound flooding (CF) in low-lying coasts and river estuaries. The large-scale CF hazard has been typically studied using proxies such as the concurrence of storm surge extremes either with precipitation or with river discharge extremes. Here the impact of the choice of such proxies is addressed employing state-of-the-art global datasets.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Laxmidhar Palai & Others Vs District Collector, Balasore & Others dated 09/06/2020.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of R. Sreedhar Vs Union of India & Others dated 28/05/2020. The appeal was directed against an amended Environmental Clearance (EC) dated 03.09.2019 granted to M/s. Adani Power (Jharkhand) Ltd., (Project Proponent) by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), permitting withdrawl of water from the river Ganga for the proposed thermal power project at Godda, Jharkhand to be set up by Adani.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Southern Zone, Chennai in the matter of Puducherry Environment Protection Association Vs Union of India and Others dated 26/05/2020. The matter related to plan for withdrawal of water from Ousuddu lake a wetland in Puducherry.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Bhanwar Lal & Others Vs State of Rajasthan & Others dated 22/05/2020.

The matter relates to large scale illegal minings being carried out in village Surajpura, Gopal Sagar, Kanakheda, Piplaz and Lehri and surrounding area in Ajmer, Rajasthan, especially near the catchment area of Shakti Sagar Lake. The Tribunal, expressed its displeasure at the lack of compliance of the NGT order of February 28, 2017, which included re-filling of pits, removal of anikits, restoration of the land of catchment area to its original form.

The Bhagirathi Valley is investigated to understand the impact of various barrages and dams on natural river flow. The multiple barrages and dams in the valley (downstream of the Bhatwari Village) have obstructed/disrupted natural flow of the river which has adversely impacted geomorphological and ecological functions of the river.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Akash Vashishtha Vs Union of India & Others dated 05/05/2020 regarding road being illegally constructed on the river bed of Yamuna in Vrindavan - Mathura between Shringarvat and Keshi Ghat and other illegal constructions, including multi-storied buildings, which had come up on the active floodplains and the riverbed of Yamuna in the town of Vrindavan.

An integrated modeling approach for simulating flood events is presented in the current study. An advanced flood forecasting model, which is based on the coupling of hydrological and atmospheric components, was used for a twofold objective: first to investigate the potential of a coupled hydrometeorological model to be used for flood forecasting at two drainage basins in the area of Attica (Greece) and second to investigate the influence of the use of the coupled hydrometeorological model on the improvement of the precipitation forecast skill.

Final report in the matter related to OA No. 980/2019 titled as Harminder Singh & Others Vs Union of India & Others regarding a residential project by M/s Omaxe Chandigarh Extension Developer Pvt. Ltd. obstructing the natural flow of Siswan Nadi and the creek joining it.

Findings of the joint committee which comprised of Additional Chief Secretary, Housing and Urban Development, Punjab, Secretary, Irrigation Department, Punjab and State Environment Impact Assessment Authority, Punjab:

Ground Water Year Book is prepared annually by CGWB depicting changes in ground water regime of the country through different seasons. It is an effort to obtain information on ground water levels through representative monitoring wells. The important attributes of ground water regime monitoring are ground water level.

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