Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are an escalating grim menace to global public health. Our aim is to phenotype and genotype antibiotic-resistant commensal Escherichia coli (E. coli) from humans, animals, and water from the same community with a ‘one-health’ approach.

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Question raised in Lok Sabha on ODF Villages, 06/04/2017. State/UT-wise, households having access to toilets during last 3 years as per Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is at Annexure-1.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) directly impact human health and have far reaching consequences when ignored. India is one of the fastest developing economies, but when it comes to WASH indicators, it continues to lag behind. With a population of over 1.2 billion, there is a mounting and urgent need to address sanitation.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Status of open defecation in rural areas, 27/03/2017. The focus of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is on behaviour change of people to adopt safe sanitation and use toilet. In order to educate the people, the programme lays emphasis on community involvement.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Open defecation free villages, 27/03/2017. State-wise, number of villages declared open defecation free as on 10th March, 2017 is at Annexure-1. Sanitation Coverage as on 2.10.2014 were 41.64% and 31.82% in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh respectively which has increased to 77.58% and 56.71% respectively as on 23.3.2017. 60% and 31% villages of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF). Also 5 districts of Chhattisgarh and 2 districts of Madhya Pradesh have been declared ODF.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Sanitation Standard, 09/03/2017. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) (SBM-G) entails freedom from open defecation and management of solid and liquid waste. The SBM-G guidelines also provide setting up systems for scientific disposal of waste.

Poor sanitation throughout the world is one of the most critical problems we face, yet it is the issue that gets the least amount of attention.

Mr George Asiedu, a Consultant at the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (MLGRD), has called on the citizenry to take advantage of the “Own a household toilet at half price” program

NIZAMABAD: District collector Yogita Rana said that Nizamabad would be declared open-defaecation-free (ODF) by the end of March.

India has far higher open defecation rates than other developing regions where people are poorer, literacy rates are lower, and water is relatively more scarce. In practice, government programmes in rural India have paid little attention in understanding why so many rural Indians defecate in the open rather than use affordable pit latrines. Drawing on new data, a study points out that widespread open defecation in rural India is on account of beliefs, values, and norms about purity, pollution, caste, and untouchability that cause people to reject affordable latrines.

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