Safe sanitation and clean surroundings have an immense impact on health, productivity, safety and dignity, and are vital for an enhanced quality of life.

The study highlights why hygiene is a major foundation of quality health outcomes, together with water and basic sanitation.

Living without sanitation is endangering the health and livelihoods of the world’s poorest people. A staggering two billion still do not have access to a decent toilet. Now, climate change is aggravating this sanitation crisis.

To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on safe sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014.

This booklet provides operational guidelines for the implementation of the Phase-II of Swachh Bharat Mission in rural (Grameen) areas of India, which have been formulated based on Union Governments' approval of Phase-II of Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) [SBM(G)] in February 2020.

With the key objective of SBMG Phase I attained, the Government of India renewed its commitment to further enhance the sanitation and hygiene status in rural areas with the approval of Phase II of the programme.

Under SBM(G), the funds are released to State/UT Governments. Further release of the funds to the districts/panchayats/beneficiaries is done by the States/UTs. Since 2014-15 till date, a total amount of Rs.4224.98 crore has been released by the Government of India to Rajasthan under SBM(G), and the State has utilized Rs.3997.24 crore as per the Utilisation Certificates received. BM(G) is a demand driven scheme, hence fixed State/district-wise targets are not set under this scheme.

Government of India have launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) on 2ndOct, 2014 with an objective to make all the urban areas of the country Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 100% scientific processing of its Municipal Solid Waste.

In this paper, it is argued that women, because of being disproportionately affected by lack of sanitation, can influence the household to build a toilet at home and there fore reduce the incidence of open defecation .

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Open Defecation Free, 21/11/2019. The Government had launched Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM(G)] with effect from 2nd October, 2014 with the aim to attain Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019 by providing access to toilet facilities to all the rural households in the country.

Pages