Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai Vs Nitin Shankar Despande & Others dated 13/08/2021.

The matter related to discharge of untreated waste into the sea, creek and river bodies, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

More than 8,000 million metric tons of plastic have been made since the beginning of large-scale plastic production in the 1950s. As a consequence, plastic debris is present in all ecosystems, including remote locations such as mountain lakes and polar sea ice.

A Bill to consolidate and amend the law relating to ports, for the safety and security, prevention and containment of pollution at ports, to ensure compliance with the country’s obligation under the maritime treaties and international instruments to which India is a party; take measures for conservation of ports; to empower and establish State M

In 2015, a global study estimating inputs of plastic waste into the oceans ranked Indonesia as the second largest contributor to plastic marine pollution. In 2017, another study ranked four Indonesian rivers in the world’s most polluting top 20.

Greater understanding of the ocean is essential if the world is to recover better from the COVID-19 pandemic and achieve agreed targets on sustainable development and climate action, UN Secretary-General said in launching a major study on what called “the life support system of our planet.” .

Regional instruments can help strengthen the global governance of marine plastic pollution, including by contributing to a possible new global agreement, explains a report published by the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) Potsdam.

Despite efforts, marine and coastal pollution from land-based sources increases.

Written submission by the Conservation Action Trust & Others dated 18/11/2020. Conservation Action Trust had filed the appeal before the National Green Tribunal (NGT) challenging the Environment Clearance of November 2, 2016 granted for the proposed expansion of Alang-Sosiya Ship Recycling Yard (SRY) from the present ship breaking capacity of 400 ships per year to 600 ships per year at Alang and Sosiya villages, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat.

Response on behalf of the Appellant on the report of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change of July 2020 in the matter of Conservation Action Trust & Others Vs Union of India & Others).The case is against the expansion of ship breaking yards in Alang by adding more area of the inter-tidal zone for the purpose of breaking old ships on the beach. The beaching method is the least environment friendly and has the highest pollution potential.

Affidavit on behalf of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in the matter of Conservation Action Trust & Others Vs Union of India & Others, 17/09/2020.

The matter relates to conducting an environmental audit to ascertain environment impact due to beaching method and ship breaking method used at Alang Ship Recycling Yard and also to verify the compliance of Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification in compliance to the National Green Tribunal (NGT) order of August 19, 2019.

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