This paper addresses Covid-19 in India, looking at how the interplay of inequality, vulnerability, and the pandemic has compounded uncertainties for poor and marginalised groups, leading to insecurity, stigma and a severe loss of livelihoods.
Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity.
This rapid review explores the evidence of indirect connections between conflict, vulnerability and climate change in Kenya. The connections between climate change and conflict are complex, dependent, and not fully understood; robust scientific evidence of this relationship remains obscure, with debates ongoing.
Sanitation is one of the most pressing global challenges that the world faces today. Despite significant advancements in coverage since the 1990s, a vast proportion of the global population still lacks access to safe sanitation. Almost 2.3 billion people still do not have access to sanitation and 892 million still defecate in the open.
This report identified evidence on the economic impacts of agricultural cooperatives in Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The report begins with a discussion on the impact on productivity, income and welfare.
Evaluations of social protection interventions across Africa often register significant success in improving household food security indicators, but little or no improvement in individual nutritional outcomes. One reason is under-coverage of poor people; another is the low value of social transfers.