Science has been one of the foundations of the success of the Montreal Protocol. This assessment highlights advances and updates in the scientific understanding of ozone depletion since the 2018 Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion and provides policy-relevant scientific information on current challenges and future policy choices.

At the Seventh Environment for Europe Ministerial Conference, held in Nur-Sultan in 2011,Ministers decided to develop the Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) across the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE).

This study analyses the Montreal Protocol as a potential instrument and forum for the global governance of solar radiation management (SRM) research. It creates an analytical framework to examine the objectives, institutional capacity, and jurisdiction of the Montreal Protocol to determine the extent to which it can govern SRM research.

As part of the workplan agreed under the workstream to complement the implementation of the Kigali Amendment, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) has commissioned a study to provide a profile of current and projected hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) consumption in Montreal Protocol Article 5 countries (deve

The Montreal Protocol shows what is possible when science, diplomacy, and business cooperate to implement international environmental agreements.

Global environmental problems are some of the most pressing issues that humanity is facing. There are few examples of success at resolving them; the fight to protect the ozone layer is one of them.

This publication is a collection of stories that celebrate the changing face of industry, reflecting on how the efforts supported by UNIDO to improve the environmental performance of the productive sector, have brought about sustainable solutions to other global challenges.

Climate change continued its relentless march in 2020, which is on track to be one of the three warmest years on record. 2011-2020 will be the warmest decade on record, with the warmest six years all being since 2015, according to the World Meteorological Organization.

The demand of active cooling systems such as air conditioners and chillers is increasing rapidly. This leads to an increase in emissions of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and Hydro-Chlorofluorocarbons (HCFC), which negatively impact the Earth's ozone layer.

The European Union (EU) has achieved its goals to phase out ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol. A new European Environment Agency (EEA) report shows that in 2018 the EU again destroyed or exported more ozone-depleting substances than it produced or imported.

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