The world has made significant progress in reducing hunger over the past decade. But hunger remains a major challenge. This policy brief identifies the most effective and efficient ways to invest in improving food security.

This report maps out the context, magnitude, trends and impacts of India’s energy subsidies. India is the world’s third largest economy with a rapidly expanding population, which has caused substantial increases in energy demand.

Since 1992, the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) has reported from the front lines of international environmental negotiations.

This guidance note aims to assist countries with determining how to secure the financing for their National Adaptation Plan (NAP) processes. Financing is needed throughout the entire NAP process to enable its potential to be reached—from its initiation to the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of prioritized adaptation actions.

This assessment was conducted by the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) and its associates at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) between December 2016 and February 2017 with support from the Government of Canada.

China and India, the world’s most populous countries, also match each other on the scale and severity of urban air pollution. Addressing this pollution requires that governments reorient policies away from fossil fuel combustion.

This report sheds light on the potential climate benefits of the removal of fossil fuel production subsidies in terms of both greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and the oil, gas and coal reserves that could become uneconomical to produce.

This study conducts a detailed analysis of the compensation mechanisms that could be used to mitigate the impact of fuel subsidy removal on weak and vulnerable segments of Nigerian society.

Mining is a central pillar of Senegal’s economy and is expected to play a significant role in the country’s continued social and economic development. On the legislative and policy front, strides have been made in recent years to strengthen governance in the sector.

The policy brief entitled Voluntary Sustainability Standards and Biodiversity: Understanding the potential of agricultural standards for biodiversity protection examines the intersection between voluntary sustainability standard and the conservation of biodiversity.

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