This G20 scorecard report aims to track each of the G20 countries' progress in ending government support to fossil fuels.

This policy brief analyzes the coal-to-liquid (CTL) fuel sector in South Africa, exploring the role of subsidies in driving the consumption of coal-derived fuels. It focuses on the various support measures that have and continue to benefit the CTL industry.

Illegal trafficking and unsustainable trade in wildlife are causing unprecedented declines in some species. They can also potentially lead to the spread of zoonoses, such as SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19.

The report examines practical options for subsidy targeting in India by using a survey of over 900 households to analyze the distribution of residential electricity subsidies in the state of Jharkhand. It also examines various strategies to improve subsidy distribution and to better target benefits to poor households.

Members of the WTO are negotiating new rules on fisheries subsidies with the aim of concluding a multilateral agreement on this issue by the end of 2020. However, there is currently very little guidance available about the reform of fisheries subsidies, either in the context of a possible WTO agreement or to guide unilateral reform.

This paper highlights the environmental significance of recent changes to the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS), approved by members of the World Customs Organization in early 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a humanitarian crisis. Efforts to contain the virus and support those directly impacted are of utmost importance.

Subsidies matter because they are used by governments around the world to influence energy producers and consumers. This report examines how the Government of India (GoI) has used subsidies to support different types of energy, updating two previous reviews of India’s energy subsidies.

This report presents the results of the Sustainable Asset Valuation (SAVi) applied to the Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) system in Dwarka, Delhi. The city district Dwarka is located in Delhi, India, and—like many large cities in India and other parts of the world—is coping with a range of urban mobility and development challenges.

Major gaps in knowledge are limiting better targeting of energy access subsidies in India. The latest distributional analyses of energy consumption subsidies—that is, how benefits are shared across different income groups—are based on 2011 census data that are now significantly dated.

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