Some work has been done on regulatory policies (such as energy-efficiency standards, including under the Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] and with an aim to reforming the CDM beyond a project-level scope) both from the methodological side and through blueprinting of operational models.

This report examines market and performance trends of the nine most prevalent seafood certification schemes, including the Marine Stewardship Council, GLOBAL G.A.P. and Friend of the Sea. The report finds that in 2015 demand from big retailers and restaurant chains pushed suppliers to certify a catch valued at $11.5 billion USD.

India has the largest concentration of population using biomass with inefficient stoves. About 840 million in India fully or partially rely on traditional biomass for cooking. In India, cooking is mainly carried out by women, and they play an important role in managing domestic energy needs.

This report presents a bottom-up inventory of subsidies to the Chinese coal industry. It starts with a snapshot of the different methodologies available for subsidy evaluation and then describes the identified subsidies to coal producers.

This study, undertaken by IISD-GSI and ICF International, untangles the energy-water nexus by analyzing how subsidized electricity has incentivized groundwater extraction in Haryana, India. The research identifies agricultural subsidies in general and then quantifies the major irrigation, fertilizer and agricultural electricity subsidies.

Over the past 30 years, China has developed rapidly to become the world’s second largest economy, reaching the status of a middle-income country. Realizing this success, however, has involved a development approach entailing massive and inefficient resource use, and extensive damage to the quality of air, water and soil.

Ontario has successfully implemented its policy to put an end to coal use in 2014.

This report provides a comprehensive overview of progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7, Ensuring Environmental Sustainability, based on official indicators and data.

China is aggressively pursuing the development of low-carbon economic zones, and while there has been substantial work to define targets and indicators for achieving greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions, there is now a need to provide guidance and tools to help the zones transition.

Eliminating the hundreds of billions of dollars that governments are spending on fossil-fuel subsidies would reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by between 6 and 13 per cent by 2050.