In recent decades, the Arctic has undergone major environmental, socio-economic and political changes. The rapid loss of Arctic ice is having negative consequences on northern communities and lifestyles, on iconic species such as the polar bear, and is altering the ecology of the Arctic ocean and the permafrost lands.

The seventh session of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC 7) was held in Istanbul, Turkey back to back with the First Special Session of the Committee on Science and Technology (CST), from 3 to 14 November 2008, at the invitation of the Government of Turkey.
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Climate data gathered in the region during 20th century indicate heating, estimated at more than 1