Mapping India's Energy Subsidies 2020: Fossil fuels, renewables and electric vehicles

Subsidies matter because they are used by governments around the world to influence energy producers and consumers. This report examines how the Government of India (GoI) has used subsidies to support different types of energy, updating two previous reviews of India’s energy subsidies. We seek to answer: How have India’s energy subsidy policies changed? What have been the most significant developments in India’s dynamic energy policy environment? And is public support aligned with India’s desired energy future? India should prioritize health and economic recovery as it navigates the COVID-19 crisis—but clean energy transition can and should be reflected in coping strategies and support measures.