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The livelihoods of rural communities depend primarily on the availability of and access to renewable resources, including water, land and living resources. These resources are components of ecosystems with complex and dynamic relationships.

Billions of people in Asia and the Pacific depend on healthy oceans for their livelihoods, food security, health, and recreation.

Significant growth in aquaculture has driven global fisheries and aquaculture production to a record high as aquatic foods make an increasingly critical contribution to food security and nutrition in the 21st century, according to this report by the FAO.

The marine capture fisheries production of Africa currently stands at 7 million tonnes. It has increased in recent years thanks to the strong resurgence of West African small pelagic catches and a return to normality in the Indian Ocean following the end of Somalian piracy.

Aquaculture production has very significantly increased in tonnage and value over the last decades. It is seen as a potential solution to replace the declining wild fishery stocks. This publication is a first attempt to examine aquaculture systems within the recent framework of the IUCN Global Standard for Nature-based Solutions (NbS).

This report provides—for the first time—an open-access database of support measures for marine fisheries by the Indian Central Government and four state governments (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu) based on information from government sources.

Independent report of Coastal Aquaculture Authority, Chennai in the matter of Original Application No. 5 of 2021 & 9 of 2021 (SZ) filed before the National Green Tribunal. The matter related to hatcheries in the districts of Chengalpattu, Villupuram, Nagapauinam and Cuddalore Districts of Tamil Nadu. The inspection committee designated for the purpose by Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) had inspected 13 hatcheries located along the coast of Chengalpattu and Viluppuram districts of Tamil Nadu for alleged illegal shrimp seed production.

Joint Committee report in respect of Original Application No. 5 of 2021 taken up as Suo Motu on the basis of the news item published in the Indian Express newspaper edition, December 20, 2020 'Shrimp hatcheries along ECR have no CRZ clearance' by the NGT (SZ) and Original Application No. 9 of 2021 filed by S. Velu in respect of construction of shrimp farms in Keelarkollai village in Chengalpattu district.

It is now clear that a narrow focus on the growth of gross domestic product (GDP) is insufficient to achieve humanity’s aspirations for sustainable prosperity. Wellfunctioning ecosystems and educated populations are requisites for sustainable wellbeing.

The report, Switching Gears: Achieving Climate Smart Fisheries, shows that we must address the environmental impacts of fisheries, or risk derailing the UK’s climate and nature recovery goals. The UK already has world-leading legislation in place to modernise the UK fishing sector in the form of the UK Fisheries Act, 2020.

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