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Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Fisherman Care Vs The Government of India, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries & Others dated 24/01/2023.

The matter relates to the use of a fishing method called Purse Seine Fishing.

The Fisheries Department, government of Tamil Nadu vide its order dated March 25, 2000 had banned the use of Purse Seine Fishing nets within its territorial waters - within 12 nautical miles (22 kms from the coast line).

Over the last decade, the agriculture, forestry, other land uses, and fisheries (AFOLU) sectors were responsible for 13-21% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (IPCC, 2022, IPCC AR6 WGIII, Chapter 7).

The share of crops in India’s agriculture fell to 55.5% in 2019-20 from 62.4% in 2011-12, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) said.

The livelihoods of rural communities depend primarily on the availability of and access to renewable resources, including water, land and living resources. These resources are components of ecosystems with complex and dynamic relationships.

Billions of people in Asia and the Pacific depend on healthy oceans for their livelihoods, food security, health, and recreation.

Significant growth in aquaculture has driven global fisheries and aquaculture production to a record high as aquatic foods make an increasingly critical contribution to food security and nutrition in the 21st century, according to this report by the FAO.

The marine capture fisheries production of Africa currently stands at 7 million tonnes. It has increased in recent years thanks to the strong resurgence of West African small pelagic catches and a return to normality in the Indian Ocean following the end of Somalian piracy.

Aquaculture production has very significantly increased in tonnage and value over the last decades. It is seen as a potential solution to replace the declining wild fishery stocks. This publication is a first attempt to examine aquaculture systems within the recent framework of the IUCN Global Standard for Nature-based Solutions (NbS).

This report provides—for the first time—an open-access database of support measures for marine fisheries by the Indian Central Government and four state governments (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu) based on information from government sources.

Independent report of Coastal Aquaculture Authority, Chennai in the matter of Original Application No. 5 of 2021 & 9 of 2021 (SZ) filed before the National Green Tribunal. The matter related to hatcheries in the districts of Chengalpattu, Villupuram, Nagapauinam and Cuddalore Districts of Tamil Nadu. The inspection committee designated for the purpose by Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) had inspected 13 hatcheries located along the coast of Chengalpattu and Viluppuram districts of Tamil Nadu for alleged illegal shrimp seed production.

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