Annual climate summary 2022

The annual mean land surface air temperature averaged over India during 2022 was +0.51°C above the long-term average (1981-2010 period). The year 2022 was the fifth warmest year on record since nationwide records commenced in 1901. However, this is lower than the highest warming observed over India during 2016 (anomaly of +0.71°C) and higher than the previous year 2021 (anomaly of +0.44°C). The all India mean temperatures during the winter (January to February) season was normal with anomaly of -0.04°C, while during other seasons, it was above normal Pre-monsoon (March to May) season (anomaly of +1.06°C), monsoon (June to September) season (anomaly of +0.36°C) and post-monsoon (October to December) season (anomaly of +0.52°C). The Pre-monsoon period and December month was exceptionally hot in 2022. Heat wave conditions were observed over most parts of central, northwest India and East & Northeast India during the months of March and April.