Climate over India during 2018 was significantly warm in respect of temperature. The annual mean temperature for the country this year was +0.40°C above the 1981-2010 average, thus making the year 2018 as the sixth warmest year on records since the nation-wide records commenced in 1901.

The report discusses the operational monitoring and forecasting aspects of the 2018 southwest monsoon. Various observed global and regional climate patterns associated with the 2018 monsoon have been highlighted.

Climate during 2017 over India was substantially warmer. The annual mean temperature for the country this year was +0.71°C above the 1971-2000 average, thus making the year 2017 as the fourth warmest year on record since the nation-wide records commenced in 1901.

The report discusses the operational monitoring and forecasting aspects of the 2017 southwest monsoon. Various observed global and regional climate patterns associated with the 2017 monsoon have been highlighted.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) issues various monthly and seasonal forecasts of rainfall for the southwest monsoon season (June to September). Operational forecasts for the southwest monsoon season rainfall are issued in two stages. The first stage forecast is issued in April and the second stage forecast is issued in June.

Under the influence of prevailing winds & clear sky conditions over northwest & adjoining central India and approaching western disturbance over western Himalayan region, the maximum and minimum temperatures had risen over some parts of plains of northwest, west & central India and adjoining north peninsular India and are above normal by 4-60 C. It has led to the heat wave conditions at a few places over West Rajasthan & Gujarat and at isolated places over West Madhya Pradesh during past 24 hours.

This study assesses the potential of rooftop rainwater harvesting technique in the sustainable development of water resources in the state of Maharashtra. Rainwater harvesting is an ideal solution to overcome water problems where surface water sources are insufficient and groundwater supply is quantitatively and qualitatively inadequate.

This study assesses the potential of rooftop rainwater harvesting technique in the sustainable development of water resources in the state of Maharashtra. Rainwater harvesting is an ideal solution to overcome water problems where surface water sources are insufficient and groundwater supply is quantitatively and qualitatively inadequate.

This report discusses operational monitoring and forecasting aspects of the 2014 southwest monsoon. Analysis of various monsoon features, such as progress of the monsoon, semi-permanent and transient weather systems, rainfall distribution etc. have been presented.

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