Annual and seasonal variations in tropospheric ozone concentrations around Varanasi

This study examines the annual, seasonal and diurnal variations in the ambient concentrations of ozone at a suburban site of Varanasi, India, during 2002-2006. Prominent seasonal variations in ozone concentrations were recorded. Ozone concentrations were higher during the warmer months. Daytime 12-hourly mean monthly ozone concentrations varied from 45.18 to 62.35 ppb during summer, from 28.55 to 44.25 ppb during winter and from 24 to 43.85 ppb during the rainy season from 2002 to 2006. Distinct diurnal variations in ozone concentrations were also observed. Daytime maxima in ozone concentration were recorded between 1200 and 1400 h, whereas morning and evening hours showed lower concentrations of ozone. Ozone concentrations in the atmosphere depended on several meteorological factors. Monthly average ozone concentration was significantly correlated with maximum temperature (p