This paper tries to capture the main characteristics of financial components of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), in order to deepen understanding of developing countries’ financial needs. Such analysis will help developed countries and other countries consider provisions of financial support to developing countries.

Cattle ranching in Brazil is a key driver of deforestation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Brazilian government plans to reduce national GHG emissions by at least 36%, partly by reducing emissions in the livestock sector through strategies such as intensification, pasture improvement, and rotational grazing.

States and regions are driving climate action toward a below 2 degrees Celsius world, but more and long-term ambition is needed to achieve this bold goal – the new Compact of States and Regions Disclosure report shows.

The European Investment Bank (EIB) has completed an analysis of its standards, criteria and procedures in relation to short-lived climate pollutants. The EIB also looked into the projects and sectors that it finances, the impacts they have on SLCP emissions and where the bank can scale up financing of projects that mitigate these emissions.

With the welcome and increasing attention on ocean issues by the international climate change community, there is an opportunity to draw together knowledge, science and experiences to explain the role that Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have in addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.

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