Nagaland dwellings plentiful bee flora is as a natural endowment. Indigenous techniques, equipments and traditional beekeeping knowledge are goldsmith due to simplicity and low cost input, shows great promise to visionaries for their envisage. The suitable agro-climate, plenty bee flora and immemorial practice with rich traditional knowledge offers enormous potential for development and success of apiculture in this state. The outfit survey accomplished in six districts of Nagaland revealed that 26% beekeepers were rearing both species (Apis cerana and Tetragonula iridipennis) and rest only A. cerana. The 74.67% peasantry indulged in apiculture and average number of beehive/ beekeeper was 3.78 where as highest beehive/ beekeeper was observed in Kohima. The 65.33% beekeepers were interested to rear in indigenous box and 34.67% beekeepers were interested to scientific beehive. A keywords: majority of beekeepers responded, the wax moth attack is higher in scientific box, while literate new generation, and trend beekeepers were interested with scientific beehive. The Naga tribes know different indigenous methods of colony capture, different types of traditional bee hives and indigenous methods of pest management. Simultaneously gruesome traditional honey harvesting method and jhoom cultivation direct threaten to bees which require scientific intervention for conservation to A. cerana. Honey bee role as a pollinator to enhance the crop productivity and conserve the plant biodiversity are more valuable than bee hive products.