The Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) herald a new phase in the global commitment to achieve climate resilience. Fifty three countries in Africa submitted their contributions on the bases of their national development priorities, capabilities and circumstances.

Global climate change projections for Nepal and the Himalayas suggest significant changes in temperature and precipitation, including increased monsoon (summer) precipitation and more variable and highly unpredictable actual rainfall patterns.

This brief, which builds on discussions at the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference, argues that in order to transform adaptation knowledge into successful action, we need research on adaptation as well as for it. Adaptation research is in high demand, as the need to adapt to unavoidable impacts of climate change is increasingly evident.

Three major international agendas concern building resilience to climate change, achieving sustainable development in marginal dryland environments and responding to humanitarian crises. These agendas often compete with each other for support and attention.

Using household-level data from the American Housing Survey, this paper assesses the cost of adapting housing to temperature increases. The authors account for both energy use adjustments and capital adjustments through investments in weatherization and heating and cooling equipment.

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