Guidelines for environmental management of dairy farms and gaushalas

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has issued guidelines for environmental management of Dairy Farms and Gaushalas. Major environmental issues of Dairy farms and Gaushalas are related to disposal of dung and urinal wastewater. Poor handling & disposal of dung and wastewater causes water pollution & odour problem. A Bovine animal, on an average, weigh 400 kg and discharges 15-20 kg/day of dung and 12-14 litres/day of urine. Solid wastes produced from Dairy farms and Gaushalas are bovine dung, feed residue, etc. which are organic and non-hazardous in nature but requires proper handling and disposal.