This report was prepared in support of GGGI’s Green Cities Development Program in Lao PDR. Following a request of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (henceforth Lao PDR) Government, GGGI has been conducting a green city pilot program in the capital city, Vientiane, to demonstrate how this concept could be implemented in the Lao context. Based on a number of consultations with local stakeholders, GGGI identified solid waste management as a priority area of the green cities initiative and aims to identify intervention areas and practical measures that can address issues identified in the sector. These opportunities are expected to be aligned with approaches that are innovative, pro-poor and support the conversion of waste into resources. Against this backdrop, this report presents situation assessment of the solid waste management sector of Vientiane and discusses opportunities for the adoption of waste-to-resource approaches.