Given the importance of a credible monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of NREGS for qualitative improvements, timely redressal of grievances and mid course corrections in implementation, a third party monitoring and evaluation team was set up in June 2009 by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of Uttar Pradesh.

NREGS has a strong rights-based perspective. The facilitation of the basic right of a decent job which requires complementary social supports such as insurance, gender equity, child care, financial literacy, awareness building, etc., is critical to it.