The impact of climate change on food and nutrition security is exacerbating the existing inequalities in access to resources and contributing to injustice. Those who have done the least to cause the climate change problem are already suffering its impacts on one of their most fundamental human rights – the right to food. The marginalised communities and primitive tribes and communities are adversely affected. Their dependence on the natural resources for income and nutrition has crippled their livelihood.
In India, almost 52 per cent of the labour force is employed in the agricultural sector, yet the sector contribution to the national GDP is only 17 per cent. This discrepancy is on account of a neglected policy for agriculture and farming communities continue to suffer due to lack of agricultural modernisation, ecological degradation and rural indebtedness. Farmer suicides and food prices have been on the rise in India since the last few years. The condition of farmers in the semi-arid region of Bundelkhand in Central India is deplorable.
Given the importance of a credible monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of NREGS for qualitative improvements, timely redressal of grievances and mid course corrections in implementation, a third party monitoring and evaluation team was set up in June 2009 by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of Uttar Pradesh.
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) has been devised as a public works programme to address the issue of a rights-based approach to development; provide income security to the rural households through guaranteed wage employment; reduce/check distress migration from rural to urban areas; and create durable community assets (in the rural areas) to trigger an overall development of
Development Alternatives (DA), a non- profit in New Delhi, recently organised a three-day Capacity Building Training on "Building for Future: Green and eco-friendly". Attended by students, architects and civil engineers from across India, the training programme aimed at creating awareness about sustainable building practices and green buildings.
When it came to encourage the use of solar energy in Rampura, the man of the hour was Ghanshyam Yadav. A pilot project was planned by Scatec Solar in collaboration with Development Alternatives to develop solar energy in Rampura village, Jhansi. Rampura was yet to be blessed with electricity.
Change is not something that happens automatically. Our collective effort is what acts as a catalyst in the process of change, said Sharda Devi, President of Samagra Jal Vikas Samiti of Pipra. Earlier, women of this village had to walk 2 to 3 kilometers to collect water, spending most of their time in this pursuit. The situation is vastly different now.