Marwahi forest division is well known for human-sloth bear conflict. Available forest cover is highly degraded, fragmented and interspersed with agricultural crop fields, and small townships. Data since 1990 onwards reveal 28 cases of human death by wild animals, comprising 13 men and 15 women. Except 2, all casualties were cased by sloth bear.

The sloth bear is a Schedule 1 species in the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and has been listed as "threatened" by IUCN. No systematic information is available on sloth bear distribution and population either in or outside the protected areas in India.

In India, as in other countries, problems associated with locally overabundant wildlife species have emerged as important management issues for reason of some species losing their natural habitat but adapting themselves to the manaltered habitats. Consequently, there is a clash with the interests of local people. Crop-raiding by locally overabundant wild populations of nilgai and blackbuck in Haryana is one such problem analyzed in this paper.