This paper attempts to explain the wildlife science-based tiger conservation pathway that integrates the keystone-umbrella species concept, landscape ecology and geographic information systems as major components to effectively devise wild tiger conservation priorities for the Bangladesh Sundarbans.

Community-based conservation reverses top-down, centre driven conservation by focusing on the people who bear the costs of conservation. In the broadest sense then, community-based conservation includes natural resource or biodiversity protection by, for, and with local communities. Nepal has joined hands with international communities and embarked on the modern era of biodiversity conservation since the 1970s.

India is a veritable emporium of herbs. The inhabitants of India knew of the medicinal use of plants from time immemorial. Under the impact of state-sponsored economic development programmes and processes of modernization, the traditional cultures of tribal communities have begun to change. Deforestation and the replacement of natural forests by commercial teak-sal plantations have in many areas reduced the availability of forest produce including vegetables, fruits and meat.

Within the framework of the project "Sustainable insect farming and harvesting for better nutrition, improved food security, and household income generation," which kicked off in January 2011, FAO began introducing small-scale cricket farming at the School for Gifted and Ethnic Students, National University of Laos (NUoL).

The Asia-Pacific region is home to over 900 million poor. Most are in rural areas and there is considerable overlap with forest areas. As such, the forestry sector developments are intimately engaged with poverty issues.

Bangladesh is located between the Himalayas in the north and the Bay of Bengal in the south. These two settings regulate and modify the climate of this region. Bangladesh is one of the countries which are suffering from the adverse impacts of climate change.

Red Panda Network, Nepal (RPN) has initiated a conservation project for Red Panda in eastern Nepal along the Singhalila Range in partnership with local organizations and community-based organizations.

In the Sundarbans mangrove forest in the Gangetic delta (10,284 km2: 58.5% in Bangladesh, 41.5% in India) human-tiger conflicts are more frequent than in any other tiger area of the world. Only a limited number of tiger victim cases reach the public. The term victim is used here for people injured or killed by a tiger attack within the forest area.

India’s Eastern Ghat is one of the key biodiversity areas that is facing high anthropogenic disturbance from different sites. Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary in Orissa is considered as the gateway to Eastern Ghat and one of the major conservation areas of this region.

The pristine forest of Neora Valley National Park (NVNP) in Kalimpong hills, Darjeeling district, which has formed an ecological trijunction with Sikkim and Bhutan, is the last virgin wilderness in West Bengal. It is one of the oldest (1881) reserve forests in India. Since this area has been put under protection and is an unworkable working circle, the high forest remains intact.