An assessment of community-based biodiversity conservation and rural livelihood improvement in the buffer zone of Bardia National Park, Nepal

Community-based conservation reverses top-down, centre driven conservation by focusing on the people who bear the costs of conservation. In the broadest sense then, community-based conservation includes natural resource or biodiversity protection by, for, and with local communities. Nepal has joined hands with international communities and embarked on the modern era of biodiversity conservation since the 1970s.