Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Gauri Maulekhi Vs Union of India & Others dated 14/02/2019 regarding unauthorized construction in the forest area at Haridwar. According to the applicant, such constructions adversely affect the environment adjoining Rajaji National Park, Shivalik Elephant Reserve, Tiger Reserve and wildlife habitats within the 100 meters of river Ganga.

Judgement of the High Court of Kerala in the matter of M. T. Thomas & Others Vs Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Thiruvananthapuram dated 05/02/2018 regarding spoiling of agriculture due to the attack of wild animals. The petitions have been filed by the agriculturalists who own or occupy lands in the close proximity of reserve forests, Kerala.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Rohit Choudhury Vs. Union of India & Others dated 09/08/2017 regarding wildlife casualties due to vehicular movement on the National Highway-37 passing through the Kaziranga National Park. Additional Chief Secretary, Government of Assam submits that Wildlife Institute of India has made certain recommendations for improving the sensor barriers installed by the State of Assam. These will be followed and improvement thereto in consultation with the Wildlife Institute of India will be completed by 30th September, 2017 positively.

Expansion and consolidation of Gir Protected Area, Gujarat, India – habitat of the Asiatic lion, and response of prey and predator to the management and dispersion trend of lions outside the Gir forests are interesting and noteworthy. During the last five decades (1965–2015), an approach for the Asiatic lion conservation is one of the best efforts in the world. Unlike other super predators, the number of lions has increased by 4-folds and wild ungulates by over 13-folds in the Gir forest during this period.

Human-nature relations are diverse, multifaceted and often contradictory, especially the relationships with animals. Mishmi people living on the Sino-India border claim tigers to be their brothers and take credit for tiger protection as they observe taboos against hunting tigers. Drawing on this notion of relatedness with tigers, local residents of the Dibang Valley question the governments’ recent plans to declare the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary into Dibang Tiger Reserve and its scientific surveys of tigers and habitat mapping.

This analysis of the draft wildlife action plan says that it takes note of the injustices historically carried out upon the local communities and addresses such injustice to be able to create local support for conservation. It also examines the extent to which the draft has explored complementarities between national laws and international obligations.

Fostering local community tolerance for endangered carnivores, such as tigers (Panthera tigris), is a core component of many conservation strategies. Identification of antecedents of tolerance will facilitate the development of effective tolerance-building conservation action and secure local community support for, and involvement in, conservation initiatives.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Principal Bench, New Delhi) in the matter of Rohit Choudhury Vs. Union of India & Ors. dated 26/11/2015 regarding commercial/ construction activity which are coming up within 10 KM of the boundary of the Kaziranga National Park.

Effective wildlife conservation requires understanding and integration of cultural values and practices among communities within wildlife range areas. In Africa, elephants still roam outside protected areas and frequently interact with local people. Maasai-land in East Africa has a considerable elephant population, estimated to number 20,000 individuals, yet there is little understanding of the cultural values and perception of elephants among the Maasai people.

Conserving wildlife while simultaneously meeting the resource needs of a growing human population is a major sustainability challenge. As such, using combined social and environmental perspectives to understand how people and wildlife are interlinked, together with the mechanisms that may weaken or strengthen those linkages, is of utmost importance. However, such integrated information is lacking.

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