Action taken report by way of affidavit on behalf of District Chamoli through District Magistrate, Chamoli, Uttarakhand in compliance of NGT order dated November 9, 2023.

The matter is related to the protection of Benital lake.

It has been reported that the size of the lake has reduced to the extent of 0.116 hectare out of the original size of 2 hectares. The lake has a positive role on groundwater recharge, vegetation, ecological stability of the area and in ensuring safe and clean water supply to about 6 villages.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of In Re: T N Godavarman Thirumulpad Vs Union of India & Others dated 10/01/2024.

Counsel for the state of Maharashtra informed the apex court that the Monitoring Committee in consultation with IIT Bombay is looking into the proposal of using clay paver blocks instead of concrete paver blocks. It is necessary to use clay paver blocks in order to prevent soil erosion.

The National Statistical Office (NSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) is mandated with the “Development of Environment Statistics and Development of methodology, concepts and preparation of National Resource Accounts for India”.

Around 1,480 hectares of land along the Ganga-Padma in Murshidabad district of West Bengal have been eroded during the last 15 years, according to Government of West Bengal, said Tudu.

The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre and FAO's Global Soil Partnership collaborated with experts from across Asia and other regions to produce the first-ever Soil Atlas of Asia.

Soil organisms play a crucial role in boosting food production, enhancing nutritious diets, preserving human health, remediating polluted sites and combating climate change, but their contribution remains largely underestimated, FAO said in its first ever report on "The State of Knowledge of Soil Biodiversity".

The Bhagirathi Valley is investigated to understand the impact of various barrages and dams on natural river flow. The multiple barrages and dams in the valley (downstream of the Bhatwari Village) have obstructed/disrupted natural flow of the river which has adversely impacted geomorphological and ecological functions of the river.

Land degradation exacerbates the unique vulnerabilities of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to environmental challenges, such as climate change, flash floods, soil erosion, lagoon siltation, coastal erosion and sea level rise, undermining their economic potential.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Bharti Kawatra Vs Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board & Others dated 16/01/2020 regarding illegal construction activity in forest area without requisite approval under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 at Park Estate, Hathipaon, Mussoorie, Dehradun District, Uttarakhand.

African farm systems remain the least mechanized of all continents. There were substantial state-led efforts to promote agricultural mechanization during the 1960s and 1970s, but these efforts failed, which led to a subsequent neglect of mechanization, both in practice and in academia.