Judgment of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Narinder Singh & Others Vs Divesh Bhutani & Others dated 21/07/2022.

The issue related to whether a land covered under a special order issued by the government of Haryana under section 4 of the Punjab Land Preservation Act, 1900 (PLPA) is a forest land within the meaning of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.

The environment ministry has directed the constitution of a project screening committee in each state/UT for an initial review proposals involving diversion of forest land, according to this Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022.

India has recorded an increase of 1,540 square kilometres in its forest cover, according to the biennial India’s State of Forest Report 2021, published by the Forest Survey of India. This is the increase recorded during 2019 and 2021

In the present context all Government Forest lands (whether notified or not) and area recorded as forest in any government record come under the ambit of the Act.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Kapil Dev Vs Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change dated 25/05/2021.

Grievance in the application was against proposed amendment to the Master Plan of Ludhiana for developing a Modern Industrial Park in the forest area and on the flood plains of river Sutlej, in violation of Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Brief summary of the arguments on behalf of the appellant - Laxmi Chouhan dated August 7, 2020.

An application was filed before the NGT challenging the Environmental Clearance (EC) dated February 20, 2018 granted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to the South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. for the expansion of Dipka Open Cast Coal Mines from 31 to 35 MTPA in Chhattisgarh.

Report by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (HoFF), Uttarakhand dated February 15, 2020 in compliance of NGT order of January 16 2020 in O.A. No. 01/2020. The matter relates to construction made by the Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board in forest land in Park Estate, Hathipaon, Mussoorie, Dehradun district without approval under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Bharti Kawatra Vs Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board & Others dated 16/01/2020 regarding illegal construction activity in forest area without requisite approval under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 at Park Estate, Hathipaon, Mussoorie, Dehradun District, Uttarakhand.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Vinaykumar Vithalrao Jatha Vs State of Maharashtra & Others dated 05/12/2019 regarding establishment of a 26 MW Co-generation unit on a land bearing Gut No. 52/2 in village Limpangaon, Taluk Shrigonda, District Ahmednagar, Maharashtra on the ground that the project falls within the Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) of the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary. Also, the land (Gut No. 52/2) is a forest land which cannot be diverted for non-forest activity without clearance under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Centre for Environment Protection Vs State of West Bengal & Others dated 09/12/2019 regarding Chalfilh Tourist Destination Project, Phase I & II, Mizoram.

The applicant had said that the project was in violation of Forest Act, 1980 and Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification, 2006. The affidavit filed by Mizoram has conceded to the environmental violations alleged in the application.