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Compensatory afforestation is a dubious and controversial environmental “offset” that is adding to environmental damage instead of mitigating or compensating it. Compensatory afforestation may actually be accelerating the invasion of India’s forests by big corporations, in collusion with a permissive state, by legitimising the destruction of forests, greenwashing the land grabs, and encroaching on common property resources and community-held lands.

Bathinda: The Punjab forest and wildlife department claims to have planted 7.87 lakh saplings under the compensatory afforestation scheme during the ongoing fiscal year so far.

The economic viability of any development project that involves diversion of forest land may now reduce with the environment ministry coming up with new cost benefit analysis guidelines.

The ministry of environment, forests and climate change (MoEFCC) has come up with draft rules to implement the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) Act 2016. The draft has stirred up a controversy with civil societies alleging that stakeholders have not been consulted while in the process.

In what is seen as having long-term implications for conservation of forests, the Union Environment Ministry has decided to review the status of pending forest clearance and expedite the process.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Afforestation in Degraded Forest, 28/03/2017. Compensatory afforestation is one of the most important conditions stipulated by the Central Government while approving proposals for de-reservation or diversion of forest land for non-forest uses.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Funds for afforestation, 12/12/2016. The Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change has two Centrally Sponsored afforestation Schemes (CSS) for environment protection, namely National Afforestation Programme (NAP) Scheme and the Green India Mission (GIM) for afforestation and eco-restoration of degraded forests and adjoining landscapes with participatory approach. The State-wise details of funds released during the financial years 2013-14 to 2016-17-till date under NAP and GIM are given in Annexure-I.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Damage to forests due to mining in Chhattisgarh, 05/12/2016. The detail of Mines for which FC Clearance is gives in Annexed as Annexure I. The mining operation leads to complete loss of forest in mine area.

According to the company, around 90 per cent of the auctioned area is forest land.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Afforestation, 22/11/2016. Under the guidelines issued under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the stipulation of planting of trees in multiples of the number of felled trees, is prescribed as an ameliorative measure, in-lieu of felling of trees as a consequence of construction of national highways, the quantum of multiples stipulated varies from State to State. State wise details of compensatory afforestation in lieu of diverted forest land including for roads, is given in
Annexure.

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