The socio-religious practices prevalent among Gond, Murias, Halba and Maria tribes of Bastar region of Chhattisgarh state are helpful in conservation of plants. This practice of nature conservation is a very ancient tradition and indigenous culture in Bastar as well as in other parts of the country.

The paper presents studies on socio-economic and livelihood pattern of Baiga tribe found in sal forests of Bilaspur district in Chhattisgarh state. The study was conducted in Achanakmar which has predominance of sal forest with large number of under shrubs and shrubs.