Results of the recent tiger population estimation exercise show that the numbers of the highly endangered big cat in India have increased. The estimated population of 1,706 individual tigers represents a 20 percent increase from the last survey in 2006, which estimated a number of 1,411.

The Management Effectives Evaluation (MEE) process is a global framework to evaluate the performance of protected areas. India is among the select countries in the world that has institutionalized the MEE process for its network of protected areas.

On 3 June 2010, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) constituted an independent, two-member team to asses the ground situation at Simlipal Tiger Reserve in Orissa, in the wake of a recent spate of elephant deaths there. The elephant carcasses were first detected in April 2010.

The NTCA in collaboration with WII and ZSL has launched a patrolling and ecological monitoring system

This document by the National Tiger Conservation Authority attempts to provide a roadmap at recognising and evaluating threats to any Tiger Reserve and formulating an appropriate response to such threats.

Monitoring tigers is a process, the end product of which is not only the number of tigers but an indication that there has been a change in number of tigers, with an understanding of the

Project Tiger is an ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The revised guidelines incorporate the additional activities for implementing the urgent recommendations of the Tiger Task Force, constituted by the National Board for Wildlife, chaired by the Hon'ble Prime Minister.

The objectives of the Tiger Conservation Plan are to ensure: protection of tiger reserve and providing site specific habitat inputs for a viable population of tigers, co-predators and prey animals without distorting the natural prey-predator ecological cycle in the habitat; ecologically compatible land uses in the tiger reserves and areas linking one protected area or tiger reserve to another for addressing the livelihood concerns of local people, so as to provide dispersal habitats and corridors for spillover population of wild animals from the designated core areas of tiger reserves or from