The Environment Minister released the report ‘Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Megaherbivores-2018’ stating that the report is a testimony to the fact that conservation of tigers leads to the conservation of entire ecosystem.

India's leopard population increased from 8,000 to over 12,500 in four years since 2014, Environment Minister said, asserting the rise in their numbers following similar reports on tiger and lion shows the country is protecting its ecology and biodiversity well.

India now accounts 70 percent of the world's total population of tigers, the environment ministry said while releasing its fourth detailed national tiger estimation report.

The tiger signifies the health of the forest, their ecosystem function and services. India's wild tigers account for more than 75% of the global tiger population. India has played the leadership role in fostering wild tiger conservation and management at the global level by taking up several milestone initiatives.

National Tiger Conservation Authority has been constituted under the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006. Further section 38 O of the Act empowers to exercise the powers conferred on and to perform the functions assigned to it under the said Act for Tiger Conservation.

In India, the Project Tiger coverage has increased to 50 tiger reserves, spread over 18 states, cover 72749.02 sq.km which amounts to around 2.21% of country's geographical area.

India has achieved its 2022 target of tiger population in the country. The country now has 2,967 tigers, declared the All India Tiger Estimation Report 2018 released . India now has 2,967 tigers and the growth in the 4th cycle of the Tiger Census has been a 33 per cent.

India has 2,967 tigers, a third more than in 2014, according to results of this tiger census titled released on July 29, 2019 by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi . Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).

This is the third round of the country level assessment of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, using the refined methodology. As a country having the maximum number of tigers and their source area, India also has the unique distinction of embarking on this refined methodology across all forested habitats and tiger States within the country.

Whereas, the National Tiger Conservation Authority under clause (c) of sub-section (I) of Section 38-0 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 has the power to lay down normative standards for tourism activities and guidelines for project tiger for tiger conservation in the buffer and core areas of tiger reserves to ensure their due compIiance.

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