India now accounts 70 percent of the world's total population of tigers, the environment ministry said while releasing its fourth detailed national tiger estimation report.

The tiger signifies the health of the forest, their ecosystem function and services. India's wild tigers account for more than 75% of the global tiger population. India has played the leadership role in fostering wild tiger conservation and management at the global level by taking up several milestone initiatives.

National Tiger Conservation Authority has been constituted under the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006. Further section 38 O of the Act empowers to exercise the powers conferred on and to perform the functions assigned to it under the said Act for Tiger Conservation.

In India, the Project Tiger coverage has increased to 50 tiger reserves, spread over 18 states, cover 72749.02 sq.km which amounts to around 2.21% of country's geographical area.

India has achieved its 2022 target of tiger population in the country. The country now has 2,967 tigers, declared the All India Tiger Estimation Report 2018 released . India now has 2,967 tigers and the growth in the 4th cycle of the Tiger Census has been a 33 per cent.

India has 2,967 tigers, a third more than in 2014, according to results of this tiger census titled released on July 29, 2019 by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi . Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).

This is the third round of the country level assessment of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, using the refined methodology. As a country having the maximum number of tigers and their source area, India also has the unique distinction of embarking on this refined methodology across all forested habitats and tiger States within the country.

Whereas, the National Tiger Conservation Authority under clause (c) of sub-section (I) of Section 38-0 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 has the power to lay down normative standards for tourism activities and guidelines for project tiger for tiger conservation in the buffer and core areas of tiger reserves to ensure their due compIiance.

The Tiger Task Force constituted by the National Board for Wildlife (2005) has endorsed the revised methodology / approach propounded by the erstwhile Project Tiger Directorate (now the National Tiger Conservation Authority-NTCA) and the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) for country level estimation / monitoring of tiger / prey status and its ha

The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has been amended in 2006, and a separate chapter (Chapter IVB) has been provided, which interalia, provides for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), its powers and functions, reporting requirements, constitution of State level Steering Committees, preparation of Tiger Conservation Pla

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