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The impact of various industrial developments on water resources may be in the range of minimal to severe. An intensive investigation was conducted in highly industrialized area of Angul to determine the water quality status. The industries such as coal mines of MCL, Aluminium Plant of NALCO and its CPP, Talcher Super Thermal Power Station and Talcher Thermal Power Station of NTPC etc. are situated along with the river stretches. The
Brahmani river and their tributaries are the main source of the water for various industries activities within study areas. But at same time the industrial effluents, mine drainage water, untreated sewage from urban settlements, run-off from agricultural field, mining areas and open defecation on the river banks have been contributing the pollution load on the river water. The deterioration of river water quality may give adverse effect on human health and aquatic ecosystem directly or indirectly. This paper attempt to be focused on the overall status of river water resources and their management strategies.