India has 18% of the world’s population, 1.15 billion people, but access to only 4% of world’s fresh water resources. In the recent past, the dependency of Indian agriculture on ground water resources has increased upto an enormous extent due to several factors including increased demand of food, erratic behavior of monsoon, developmental pressure of various allied sectors etc. Currently, the available 70% of water resources in India being used to fulfill the water demand for agriculture and the 80% of domestic water supplies come from groundwater which led to rapidly declining groundwater tables in most of the states in India and has found no longer sustainable. Present study has primarily highlights the need of the Indian conditions for treatment and reuse of wastewater which happens to be the main cause for pollution of water resources in India.