This is the age of science and technology. The growth in national production and in productivity of economic sector is not possible without development of science and technology. For the development and expansion of this sector in , institutional, policy-level and functional efforts are being made over the last three-four decades.
The National Science and Technology Council and the Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (RoNAST) were founded in 1976 and 1982 A.D., respectively, and the Ministry of Science and Technology was instituted on 2053/02/02 B.S. [15 April, 1996 A.D.] to make coordination amongst all the bodies to perform the functions relating to science and technology in the process of national development and to effectively accelerate the activities relating thereto by creating a conducive environment for the proper development of science and technology. This Ministry has, after the dissolution of the Ministry of Population and Environment on 2061/12/18 B.S. [31 March, 2005 A.D.] and the merge of the Environment Division of the said Ministry in this Ministry, been named as "Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology [MoEST]". Lately, the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology has been dissolved and Ministry of Science and Technology has been formed.