Climate variability, drought, and drought management in Morocco's agricultural sector

Droughts in Morocco are increasing in frequency and intensity. Associated with global climate change, this trend will likely be more evident in the future. Drought damage to the agricultural sector affects both rural livelihoods and the national economy as a whole. This report examines drought and climate variability impacts on agricultural and livestock activities in Morocco. It relies on original research on the citrus and olive value chains, which are both priorities in the government’s current agricultural strategy, known as the “Green Plan” or Plan Maroc Vert (PMV). The report also considers drought impacts on cereal production, traces the government’s efforts to address drought, and suggests actions to strengthen these efforts. Long-term climate change is making Morocco, which already faces rural water scarcity, more vulnerable to extreme weather events.