In India, small water reservoirs in the desert area are a part of a complex inter-linking natural resource management system. Traditional methods of water harvesting were employed by the local communities led by TBS to rejuvenate a local river, recharge the ground water and re-green a village. In Alwar district, 8600 small water harvesting talabs in 1086 villages have been built since 1985. This has resulted in rise of water level in the shallow aquifer, increase of area under single and double crop, and increase in forest cover through social forestry and agro forestry. The villagers have also formed an