Demand for fertiliser in India: determinants and outlook for 2020

Chemical fertilisers are key element of modern technology and have played an important role in agricultural productivity growth in India. However, the demand-supply gap of fertilisers in India has increased in recent times, thereby leading to increased dependency on imports. Indian imports, which were about 2 million tonnes in early part of 2000, increased to 10.2 million tonnes of fertilisers in 2008-09. In view of importance of fertilisers in agricultural growth and the possibility of an emerging demand-supply gap, there is need to forecast future demand. The paper begins with an overview of fertiliser consumption trends and then identifies important determinants of fertiliser demand and develops projects demand
scenarios for fertilisers in India in 2020-21.