Effect of habitat fragmentation on Asian elephant ecology and behaviour patterns in a conflict-prone plantation

In human altered elephant habitats, understanding ecological and behavioural adaptation of elephants is essential to mitigate human-elephant conflict and conservation of elephants. This study on Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) was conducted between April 2004 and May 2005 in the plantation landscape of the Valparai plateau within the Anamalai_Parambikulam Elephant Reserve. This elephant reserve is a home for second largest elephant population in India and contains 6% of total elephant population in India.