The consequences of human-elephant conflict are not only of key conservation concern but also are major socio-economic and political issues. Therefore, resolution of human-elephant conflict is a major concern and a high priority for conservation

In human altered elephant habitats, understanding ecological and behavioural adaptation of elephants is essential to mitigate human-elephant conflict and conservation of elephants. This study on Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) was conducted between April 2004 and May 2005 in the plantation landscape of the Valparai plateau within the Anamalai_Parambikulam Elephant Reserve.