How India’s solar and wind policies enabled its energy transition: a decade in review

The report provides a detailed overview of India's solar and wind policies over the last decade, both at the Central and state level. It assesses renewable energy (RE) policies of eight RE-rich states and three RE-deficit states. The RE-rich states covered are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. The RE-deficit states include Bihar, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh. The study analyses the achievements, challenges faced, and the policy outcomes that led India to demonstrate a functional RE transition pathway to the world successfully. It also evaluates where India stands today and draws lessons for shaping the next generation policies needed for the country to champion the global energy transition.