Indias ground water irrigation economy: the challenge of balancing livelihoods and environment

This paper attempts to trace the history of irrigation development from early 19th century to the present to emphasize the shifting of focus from the government controlled major and medium surface irrigation systems to farmer-controlled ground water irrigation systems. Various ideas adopted for creating demand-management regimes through direct regulations, economic instruments, tradable property rights and community resource management around the world have been reviewed to prove the point that ground water governance, throughout the world, is still