Natural resource accounts of air and water pollution: case studies of Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh states of India

This study examines some practical problems of natural resource accounting and highlights the importance of decentralized method of accounting especially for the environmental resource accounting. Detailed case studies are discussed for providing empirical insights in to the suggested methods of accounting. This study discusses a methodology for measuring cost of environmentally sustainable industrial development described by SEEA. A methodology of developing monetary accounts for the ambient urban air quality using the household values is provided. Estimates of total abatement cost for complying with Euro II and Euro III emission norms for road transport sectors in Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh are made. A method of developing physical and monetary accounts for the water pollution from industries is also discussed in this study. Some discussion is also attempted in this study about the problem of water pollution and the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture.