The role of green infrastructure in biodiversity conservation

Infrastructure is at the heart of the G20's efforts to strengthen the structural foundations of global development, make it more sustainable, and mitigate its negative effects. Infrastructure may have a variety of effects on biodiversity, including direct habitat loss within the footprint of existing infrastructure, changes in ecosystem characteristics, and fragmentation and deterioration of biological resources. Green Infrastructure (GI) is a strategy that has been offered as having the capacity to address these challenges, and its implementation is a means to restore natural patterns and processes, and minimise energy and material flows. Without proper environmental regulations, GI development undermines global biodiversity and ecological services. In new urban development projects, sustainable construction should entail low-carbon buildings and GI. Biodiversity in urban development plans enhances health; governments must educate, empower, and encourage developers/builders and communities to integrate green built environments into their landscape.