Science and economics for sustainable development of India

This paper deals with the interface between science and economics in environmental policy making in India. It explains Nehru‘s concept of scientific temper and its influence in the formulation of science and technology policy and development of the science and technology system. It reviews the evolution of global environmental policy regime and the important role assigned to science to gain insights into ecological processes, to assess the nature and causes of environmental pollution and degradation, and to use scientific evidence as basis for formulation of environmental policies. Then it assesses the roles assigned to science and economics in formulation of policies relating to pollution prevention and control and management of natural resources in India. The implications of uncertainties and risks in environmental management are highlighted for public policy.