Smart transportation emission reductions: identifying truly optimal energy conservation and emission reduction

This report describes an evaluation framework for identifying optimal (best overall, taking into account all benefits and costs) transportation emission reduction strategies. Current
evaluation methods tend to undervalue mobility management (also called Transportation Demand Management or TDM) strategies that change travel behavior to increase transport system efficiency, due to biases that include: ignorance about these strategies; failure to consider co-benefits; failure to consider rebound effects of increased fuel economy; belief that mobility management impacts are difficult to predict; belief that mobility management programs are difficult to implement; and belief that any reduction in vehicle travel harms consumers and the economy. More comprehensive and objective analysis tends to rank mobility management strategies among the most cost-effective emission reduction options. This report describes ways to correct current planning bias so mobility management solutions can be implemented to the degree optimal.