Trends in private sector participation in the Indian water sector: a critical review

Recognizing the changing scope and character of private sector participation in Indian urban water supply services, the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) has undertaken a study to review these projects. This study reviews trends and
the factors that have facilitated or impeded the development and implementation of projects in the sector with private
sector participation; draws on learning from project design and the transactions; and reflects on future directions. The study covers Public Private Partnership (PPP) attempts in urban water supply from 1990 till 2009, that have not been abandoned at conceptualization stage. Information was collected though consultations and interviews with government and private sector stakeholders and PPP experts, as well as from publicly available documents and project case studies.