The Millennium Development Goals helped rally the world around the challenge of providing access to improved water supply and sanitation (WSS). By 2015 hundreds of millions of people had gained access to improved water sources and better sanitation. Despite this, with hundreds of millions more still lacking access, much remains to be done.

The performance of water and sanitation utility companies varies greatly, but many are underperforming. This is due mainly to systemic issues, which can include weak governance, lack of accountability, poor management, inadequate or aging infrastructure, and insufficient funds for operations and maintenance.

Many developing countries are about to prepare their new strategies on how to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for universal and equitable access to water and sanitation by 2030.These new roadmaps need to put a focus on rural growth centers and small towns where the majority of those without access to water and sanitation reside.

Based on the experience of slum sanitation initiatives implemented in a number of urban centers in India, over the last decades, this Guide draws out the critical drivers that appear to explain some facets of successful community slum sanitation initiatives.

This report aims to highlight some of the successful financial management practices adopted by Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India when implementing sewerage schemes.

A dedicated goal for water has recently been endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly as part of the sustainable development goal (SDG) framework. This study provides an assessment of the global costs of meeting the WASH-related targets of Goal #6.

Evidence from’s existing programs demonstrates that finance for sanitation is a significant opportunity for the Government of India, donors, financial institutions, and clients. Sanitation lending works and also leverages funding to achieve greater reach than traditional grant based models.

The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), which is supplementing the efforts of the State Governments by providing technical and financial assistance, is looking at rural drinking water from a holistic viewpoint.

The overall aim of the Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) is to promote evidence-based decision making to increase the volume, effectiveness, and sustainability of sanitation expenditure.

This study explores the potential of prepaid meters for serving urban poor communities. It provides urban utilities, oversight agencies, and other stakeholders in Africa with a basis for decision-making on the suitability, introduction, and management of such meters.