Smallholder farmers in Africa are especially vulnerable to climate fluctuations and weather extremes, and are expected to suffer disproportionately from climate change.

The social cost of carbon (SCC), a carbon price calculated from cost-benefit based integrated assessment models and used to inform some climate policies, will always be highly disputed, partly because a key model assumption, the centennial climate damage valuation function (CDF), will "always" be highly unknowable.

The Pilot Auction Facility (PAF) is an auction-based pay-for-performance mechanism that was originally developed by the World Bank to attract investment to projects that reduce methane emissions. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the PAF climate auction model could be translated effectively to the residential new building sector.

This guide aims to help address the challenge of identifying and evaluating appropriate solutions to hydrological hazards, by providing the missing identification and evaluation assistance that those looking for adaptation solutions initially face.

This study prioritizes battery-based Electric Vehicles (EVs) for the public transportation sector—a sector where the accelerated early-stage adoption of EVs can be fostered through public-sector intervention and set the trend for large-scale EV adoption.

Most countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Ghana, rely on agriculture for their income and food security. Any initiative that might help to sustain and improve productivity in agriculture would be a crucial step in improving people’s livelihoods.

Reviews the costs and benefits that would result from implementing the China 6 light-duty vehicle emission standard in Guangdong Province with a recommended timeline earlier than the national plan (2023).

Nicaragua is particularly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic, social, economic and environmental conditions. Increased temperature, fluctuation of precipitation patterns, and sea-level rise pose significant impacts for agricultural productivity, water resources availability and the risk of extreme disaster.

The economic viability of any development project that involves diversion of forest land may now reduce with the environment ministry coming up with new cost benefit analysis guidelines.

We evaluated a program of payments for ecosystem services in Uganda that offered forestowning households annual payments of 70,000 Ugandan shillings per hectare if they conserved their forest. The program was implemented as a randomized controlled trial in 121 villages, 60 of which received the program for 2 years. The primary outcome was the change in land area covered by trees, measured by classifying high-resolution satellite imagery. We found that tree cover declined by 4.2% during the study period in treatment villages, compared to 9.1% in control villages.

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