A report co-published by the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), titled 'The Economics of Land Degradation in Africa: Benefits of Action Outweigh the Costs,' examines the impact of erosion-induced soil nutrient depletion in 42 African countries, an area representing almost half of the total ara

Smart grid technologies support the creation of an increasingly flexible electricity grid, enabling the integration of variable renewable energy. They work by incorporating information and communications technology at all stages of power generation, delivery and consumption, improving reliability and service to end-users.

Land degradation is an increasing issue globally, exacerbated by climate change and affecting food security, threatening water resources and ultimately acting as a driver to migration.

This working paper aims to inform the development community about the current state-of-knowledge and emerging thinking on the economics of adaptation and the application to development.

Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach to address the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change, and has three objectives: sustainably increasing agricultural productivity, to support equitable increases in farm incomes, food security and development; adapting and building resilience of agricultural and food security sy

The Committee on Estimates (2015-16) present this 9th Report on ‘National Project on Organic Farming' pertaining to the Ministry of Agriculture (Department of Agriculture &

Global trajectories for reducing carbon emissions depend on the local adoption of alternatives to conventional energy sources, technologies, and urban development. Yet, decisions on which type of capital investments to make, made by local governments as part of the normal budget cycle, typically do not incorporate climate considerations.

Further degradation of Indonesia's forests could impact the national economy and the lives of millions, according to a new UN study titled "Forest Ecosystem Valuation Study: Indonesia".

China has made tremendous progress in emission control for on-road vehicles (light duty vehicles, buses, and heavy-duty trucks) in recent decades. The vehicle population in China grew nearly sevenfold, from 16 million to 108 million, between 2000 and 2012, and this rapid pace will continue for the foreseeable future.

This report represents an initial attempt to evaluate the economics of development choices in relation to risks from flood events under current conditions and those projected as a consequence of climate change. Rather than focusing on broad projections and scenarios, the report focuses on specific options in specific areas.

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