In 2021, an estimated 1.9 million babies were stillborn at 28 weeks of pregnancy or later, with a global stillbirth rate of 13.9 stillbirths per 1,000 total births. These losses, however, are not experienced uniformly.

An estimated 5 million children died before their fifth birthday and another 2.1 million children and youth aged between 5–24 years lost their lives in 2021, according to this latest estimates by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME).

15 November 2022 is predicted to be the day that the global population reaches eight billion. The projection is revealed in this UN’s World Population Prospects 2022 report, which also shows that India is on course to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023.

Nearly a third of all women in developing countries start having children at the age of 19 or younger, and nearly half of first births to adolescents, are to children or girls aged 17 or under, reveals this new research by the UNFPA.

This report comprises of detailed information on key domains of population, health and family welfare and associated domains like characteristics of the population; fertility; family planning; infant and child mortality; maternal and child health; nutrition and anaemia; morbidity and healthcare; women’s empowerment etc.

The rationale behind the report was the following:

While the world was gripped by the unfolding COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, children continued to face the same crisis they have for decades: intolerably high mortality rates and vastly inequitable chances at life.

Fully investing in midwives by 2035 would avert roughly two-thirds of maternal, newborn deaths and stillbirths, saving 4.3 million lives per year. Millions of lives of women and newborns are lost, and millions more experience ill health or injury, because the needs of pregnant women and skills of midwives are not recognized or prioritized.

The 15th issue of annual publication - National Health Profile 2020 - provides comprehensive information related to health sector and ensures that all data pertaining to public-funded surveys related to health are available user-friendly formats at one place and in public domain.

The 2019-20 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5), the fifth in the NFHS series, provides information on population, health, and nutrition for India and each state and union territory. This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-5 survey in Assam, followed by detailed tables and an appendix on sampling errors.

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